The name of this organization shall be the Brooklyn Young Republican Club.
The objects of the Brooklyn Young Republican Club are:
- To promote and to secure support for the principles of the Republican Party among those who live, work and study in Brooklyn under 40 years of age;
- To influence and enhance the public discourse in accordance with the spirit of the Republican Party’s political philosophy, including helping to shape that philosophy wherever necessary;
- To exert such influence as it may on behalf of good government—Local, State and National;
- To resist and expose corruption and promote reform in national, State and municipal affairs;
- To watch local, state and federal legislation affecting our interests;
- To arouse public interest in the conduct of government and make efficient public criticism upon it; and
- To encourage young Republicans to seek membership in the Kings County Republican County Committee, to pursue other leadership positions, and to help grow local Republican organizations throughout Brooklyn.
Section 1. Qualifications. Any individual residing, working or attending an academic institution in the borough of Brooklyn, New York, having a general preference for or any sympathy with the principles of the Republican Party and a desire to promote the objects of the Club, shall be eligible for membership in this Club. For good cause shown, the Executive Board may admit to membership an applicant who does not fully satisfy these qualifications.
(1) Regular members, who shall have all privileges of membership in the Club and who shall pay dues in accordance with the following schedule:
Class A. Members shall pay dues of $25.00 per annum.
Class B. Members with valid student identification from a school or an undergraduate or graduate institution shall pay dues of $15.00 per annum.
(2) Associate members, including members of the age of 40 and over, who shall pay dues of $35.00 per annum, and have no vote in general meetings but shall have all privileges of membership in the Club;
(3) Honorary members, who shall pay no dues, have no vote and are ineligible to hold office in the Club, but shall have all other privileges of membership in the Club.
Section 3. Application for Membership.Application for membership shall be in writing, addressed to the Membership Committee, and shall set forth the name, age, residence, telephone number and email address of the applicant and such other particulars as the Membership Committee or the Board of Directors may prescribe. Every application shall be accompanied by the payment of one year’s dues in advance or such proportionate part thereof as the Board of Directors may from time to time prescribe. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11 of Article IX hereof, the Membership Committee shall act on each application at the meeting next succeeding its receipt and shall record on each application a minute of the action taken thereon. Should the Membership Committee duly approve the application, the applicant shall thereupon become a member and the Secretary shall so notify him within three days after the meeting of said Committee. Should the Membership Committee disapprove the application, the Secretary shall so notify the applicant within three days after the meeting of the Committee and shall refund the sum received as advance payment of dues.
Section 4. Payment of Annual Dues. The annual dues of members shall be payable on the first day of each calendar year. After the first day of the second month of the calendar year members whose dues are unpaid shall cease to be in good standing and shall be so notified by the Treasurer. Such notice shall also inform the member that unless his dues are paid within thirty days from the date of the notice his name may be stricken from the roll of members. If his dues remain unpaid thirty days after the date of such notice, Executive Board may strike his name from the rolls. The Secretary shall keep a record of all names so stricken.
Section 5. Expulsion. The Board of Directors may, by a vote of three-fourths of its total membership expel any member of the Club for any act or conduct which in the opinion of the Board is inimical to the best interests of the Club. No member shall be expelled unless he shall have had forwarded to him, by registered mail at his latest residence address appearing on the records of the Club, a statement of the charges against him and shall have been given at least two weeks’ notice in writing of the time and place of the meeting of the Board of Directors at which the changes against him will be considered, and unless he shall have been given an opportunity to be heard at such meeting.
Section 1. Regular Meetings. The annual meeting of the Club shall be held on the second Wednesday of April in each year, unless the Board of Directors determines another date to be more feasible. Regular meetings shall also be held on the second Wednesday of each month during the calendar year, the location of said meetings to be determined by the President in his discretion.
Section 2. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Club may be called by the President at any time, or they may be called by the President or Secretary upon vote of the Executive Board or the written request of twenty-five members of the Club in good standing. Such request shall state the purpose for which the special meeting is requested to be called.
Section 3. Notice of Meetings. Notice of all meetings of the Club shall be delivered, via mail, email or phone message, to each member not less than five nor more than fifteen days prior to the date of such meeting. Notices of special meetings shall set forth the business to be transacted thereat, and no business other than that so specified shall be transacted at any special meeting except upon unanimous consent of the members present.
Section 5. Voting. Only regular members of the Club in good standing shall have the right to vote. Voting by proxy shall be subject to such regulations as the Board of Directors may from time to time prescribe.
Section 6. Resolutions. Any resolution introduced at a meeting of the Club shall be referred without debate to the proper standing committee having cognizance of the subject matter of such resolution unless:
(b) At a special meeting the two-thirds (2/3) consent of all the members present shall be obtained for the immediate consideration of the subject matter of such resolution;
2. Such resolution shall pertain to a subject specified in the notice of said meeting as part of the business to be transacted thereat. The consideration of a resolution shall be specified as business to be transacted at a meeting upon written request of ten members in good standing addressed to the Secretary prior to the mailing of the notice of such meeting.
It shall be the duty of the standing committee to which any such resolution is referred to report thereon as the next meeting of the Club.
Section 7. Rules of Order. The rules contained in the latest edition of “Robert’s Rules of Order” shall govern the Club in all cases to which they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent with law, these By-Laws, or with any special rule of order of the Club.
Section 1. Number and Term of Office. The officers of the Club shall be a President, Vice-President, a Secretary and a Treasurer, all of whom shall be elected at the annual meeting of the Club to hold office until the next annual meeting and until their successors shall be elected and take office. Collectively, these officers shall be known as the Executive Board.
Section 2. Qualifications. Any member of the Club shall be eligible for office who, at the time of his election, shall be in good standing and under the age of forty years and shall have been a member of the Club in good standing for at least one year prior to his election. No member shall hold more than one elective office at the same time.
Section 4. Powers. The Executive Board shall be empowered to act on behalf of the club in all matters outside of Regular or Special meetings, including concerning matters of public and party policy after consultation with the Advisory Board. However, the Board may not act where such action would conflict with any other provision of these Bylaws or a resolution adopted by the membership.
The duties of the officers of the Club shall be as follows:
(a) President: The President shall preside at all meetings of the Club. Subject to the approval of the Executive Board, he shall appoint the Chairs of all standing and special committees of the Club, and, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors, he shall appoint any other officers to which he is entitled. He shall supervise the activities of the Club and perform all other duties as described in these bylaws and those incidental to his office.
(b) Vice-President: The Vice-President shall supervise the activities of the standing committees and perform such other duties as may be assigned to him from time to time by the President. At the request of, or in the absence or disability of the President, the Vice-President shall exercise and perform the duties of the President until the President is able to resume his duties or the term expires. The Vice President of the Club shall also serve as chair of the Advisory Board, presiding over meetings of the Advisory Board and shall be responsible for reporting its recommendations to the Executive Board or the Board of Directors.
(c) Treasurer: The Treasurer shall have the care and custody of all funds of the Club and shall collect and pay out the same when and as directed by the Board of Directors. He shall deposit the Club funds in such depository or depositories as may be designated by the Board of Directors. Immediately after taking office he shall prepare and submit to the Board of Directors for its approval a proposed budget for the ensuing fiscal year. He shall not expend money except in accordance with the budget or the specific approval of the Board and shall keep in books provided for that purpose accounts showing all receipts and disbursements, which books shall be open to the inspection of any member of the Club. He shall render an account of all his transactions and of the financial condition of the Club whenever requested by the Board of Directors or by the Club and shall make a final report at the meeting of the Club following the end of the fiscal year. The Treasurer is also responsible for maintaining, with the aid of the Membership Committee, a complete roll of all past and current members and shall give, at a time prescribed by the Executive Board, a list of all members in good standing to the Elections Committee.
(d) Secretary: The Secretary shall be the custodian and keep records of all proceedings of the Club and of such other matters as shall be deemed advisable by the Club or by the Board of Directors. The Secretary shall attend to the serving of all notices required to be served either by law or these By-Laws. The Secretary shall also serve as Secretary of the Board of Directors.
Section 6. Appointed Officers. The President may create additional offices, or abolish the same, under the Club with such duties and titles as he deems appropriate, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors. The President shall only appoint members of the club in good standing to hold these offices. Such officers shall serve at the pleasure of the President until the next annual meeting of the Club, or until their successors have been appointed. They shall serve as members ex-officio of the Board of Directors, with voice but no vote.
Section 8. Vacancies. Vacancies in any of the offices of the Club as defined in Section 1 shall be filed for the unexpired term by the vote of a majority of the remaining members of the Board of Directors.
Section 1. Number and term of office. The Club shall be managed and governed by a Board of Directors consisting of a Chair, the members of the Executive Board, the Chairs of the Standing Committees, and the General Counsel. The Executive Director and any appointed officers shall be ex-officio members of the Board, with voice but no vote.
Section 3. Powers and Duties. The Board of Directors shall designate and maintain permanent headquarters for the Club when feasible, and shall have charge of the general administration, management and procedure of the Club, and shall make such rules and regulations not inconsistent with these By-Laws as it may deem proper. It shall have power to recommend appointments of officers and members of standing and special committees. It shall also adopt a budget at the commencement of each fiscal year and may from time to time alter or amend the same.
Section 4. Chairman of the Board. The Chair of the Board shall be the most recent past-President still eligible for regular membership as defined under these By-Laws. In the event that the most recent past-President cannot or will not perform these duties, as shall be determined by the Board of Directors, then the President shall serve as Chair.
Section 5. Meetings. The Board shall meet at least once in each calendar month on such dates as the Board may fix. Special meetings may be called by the Chairman or by resolution of the Board and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of five members thereof. At least forty-eight hours’ notice of all meetings of the Board shall be given each member thereof, as prescribed by the Board of Directors, but special meetings may be held on notice of less than forty-eight hours if notice of the business to be transacted thereat shall be given, in which event only business of which notice shall have been so given may be transacted at any such meeting.
Section 6. Tenure of Office. A member of the Board of Directors who shall be absent from three consecutive meetings thereof shall cease to be a member unless he shall have obtained the consent of the Board to his absence or shall present at the meeting next following his third absence a reason satisfactory to the members of the Board then present.
Section 7. Quorum. Fifty percent (50%) of the voting members of the Board of Directors, excepting vacancies, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Standing Committee Co-Chairs shall be counted together as one member for the purposes of quorum, but the presence of at least one Co-Chair shall be sufficient for considering the Standing Committee present. The Board shall act by a majority of the members present at any meeting, except as otherwise provided herein.
Section 8. Voting. Each Executive Board member, the General Counsel and each Standing Committee shall be entitled to one vote on the Board. In the event that Co-Chairs have been appointed to a Standing Committee, the Standing Committee’s one (1) vote shall be divided equally between each Co-Chair. In the event that one individual holds more than one voting position on the Board of Directors, he/she shall only be entitled to cast one vote on any matter before the Board.
Section 9. Annual Reports. At each annual meeting of the Club, the Board of Directors shall present its report in writing on the condition and activities of the Club during the preceding year, and in addition thereto the Board shall at each regular meeting of the Club present a report of its activities since the next preceding regular meeting.
Section 11. General Counsel. The General Counsel shall be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors, and shall perform the duties of general counsel and legal adviser to the Club.
Section 12. Executive Director. The Board of Directors from time to time may employ for a period not exceeding one year and at such compensation as the Board may deem advisable an Executive Director who shall perform such duties as may be assigned to him by the Board. The Executive Director need not be a member of the Club.
(b) Student Chapter. A student chapter shall consist of student members in good standing who are enrolled in an academic institution that is located within Brooklyn. This definition shall not preclude student members who are home-schooled from having their own student chapter.
(a) Objects. The objects of the Club Chapters are to ensure adequate representation of and communication between Brooklyn’s communities and the Club, whether such communities be geographic, academic or of some other distinguishable quality or trait. The activities of these chapters are designed to assist the Club in improving its overall relationship with fellow Brooklynites.
1. Serve as a liaison between the chapter’s particular geographic or academic community, or the community consisting of the caucus’ identifying quality or trait with the Board of Directors and the Club generally
2. With the approval of the Board of Directors and in concert with any and all appropriate officers or committees of the club, organize events and other activities on behalf of the Club that pertain to the particular chapter and the geographic, academic or other quality or trait of the individuals who are members of the chapter.
3. No Chapter or Chapter Chair may act independently unless explicit written authorization has been granted by the Board of Directors with the specific details expressing the duties or powers to be delegated to the Chapter or Chapter Chair.
(a) Community Chapters. In the case of Community Chapters, these bylaws hereby authorize the creation of a Community Chapter in each of Brooklyn’s Community Districts as defined by local law.
(b) Student Chapters. In the case of Student Chapters, a student member may submit to the Board of Directors a petition containing the name, objects and other information as required by the Board of Directors of the proposed student chapter at the academic institution where that student member is in attendance. The Board shall make a recommendation on whether to accept, accept with conditions, or reject the petition, and such recommendation shall be referred to the membership at the next regular meeting of the Club or at a special meeting called for that purpose. Authorization for the proposed student chapter shall be granted upon the affirmative vote of a majority of members present and voting at a meeting where quorum is present.
(c) Member Caucus. In the case of Member Caucuses, any member may submit to the Board of Directors a petition containing the name, the identifiable quality or trait to define the member caucus, and other information as required by the Board of Directors. The Board shall make a recommendation on whether to accept, accept with conditions, or reject the petition, and such recommendation shall be referred to the membership at the next regular meeting of the Club or at a special meeting called for that purpose. Authorization of a member caucus shall be granted upon the affirmative vote of a majority of members present and voting at a meeting where quorum is present.
Section 4. Chapter Membership. Members of the Club shall be considered members of a particular chapter in the following manner. The Secretary shall maintain a record of each member’s chapter membership(s). Any member of the Club may dispute another member’s eligibility to hold membership in a chapter to the President. In the event of any dispute concerning a member’s qualification to hold membership in a particular chapter, the member’s status shall be decided by the President and may be appealed to the Board of Directors, whose decision shall be final in all cases.
(a) Community Chapters. Members shall automatically be enrolled by the Secretary as members of the Community Chapters that represent the Community Districts in which they reside.
(b) Student Chapters. Student members shall be enrolled as members of authorized Student Chapters for whichever academic institutions they attend, upon notification to the Secretary in writing that they are students of that academic institution and are otherwise duly qualified to hold membership in that student chapter.
(c) Member Caucus. Members may join a particular caucus by stating to the Secretary in writing that they have the requisite identifiable quality or trait to hold membership in that caucus.
Section 5. Chapter Officers. Each Chapter and Caucus shall be governed by a Chair, who shall be responsible for representing the Chapter or Caucus before the Club and on the Advisory Board, and shall coordinate the business and activities of the Chapter or Caucus on the Club’s behalf. Chapter and Caucus Chairs shall be members of the Advisory Board. The Board of Directors may assign additional duties to Chapter and Caucus Chairs at its discretion. The Board of Directors may also authorize the creation of additional offices within Chapters or Caucuses, with such duties as are deemed necessary and which may be filled according to the procedures determined by the Board of Directors.
If there is at least one (1) member of the Club but less than ten (10) who are members of a Chapter or Caucus by the February regular meeting of the Club, the President, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors, shall appoint the Chair of a Chapter from among the members of the Chapter in the same manner as a Chair of a Standing Committee. If ten (10) or more members of the Club are members of a Chapter or Caucus by the February regular meeting of the Club, that Chapter Chair shall be chosen in a manner consistent with Article VII on Elections concerning the nomination and election of Club Officers, except that only members of that Chapter are eligible to stand for election to and participate in the nomination and election of the Chapter Chair. In the event that there is a Chapter or Caucus that has no members, the President, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors, may appoint any member of the Club to serve as Chair in order to assist the club in recruiting members qualified for membership in that Chapter or Caucus.
Section 6. Dissolution. The Board of Directors may, by a majority vote, dissolve any Chapter or Caucus of the Club at any time, except Community Chapters, for cause of inactivity, lack of membership or for any act or conduct of a Chapter/Caucus, Chapter/Caucus Chair or any member thereof which in the opinion of the Board is inimical to the best interests of the Club.
Section 1. Composition. The members of the Advisory Board shall consist of all the Community Chapter Chairs, Student Chapter Chairs, and Member Caucus Chairs. The President may appoint, with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors, additional individuals, regardless of membership status, whose participation, in the opinion of the President, would assist in furthering the objects of the Club. Such individuals shall serve ex-officio, with voice but no vote on the Advisory Board. The Vice President of the Club shall serve as chair of the Advisory Board, presiding over meetings of the Advisory Board and shall be responsible for reporting its recommendations to the Executive Board or Board of Directors on any matter properly before it.
Section 2. Powers and Duties. The Advisory Board shall be consulted by the President or the Vice President of the Club on any matter of public, party or club policy that is under consideration by the Executive Board, acting in its capacity on behalf of the club outside of meetings, or the Board of Directors. Its recommendations shall be considered by the Executive Board or the Board of Directors before final action is taken. The Board of Directors shall prescribe any rules or regulations concerning this process, but in no event shall Advisory Board members be given less than twenty-four (24) hours to make recommendations on any matter properly before it.
Section 3. Qualifications.Any member of the Club in good standing shall be eligible for appointment to membership on any committee, but no member of the Club shall be a member of more than four standing committees at one time.
Section 4. Appointment and Tenure. The members of all committees both standing and special shall be appointed by the President subject to the approval of the Executive Board and, regardless of their date of appointment, shall continue as such members until the next annual meeting and their successors shall be appointed, unless prior thereto such committee shall have been discharged or removed by the Board of Directors. As previously stated, the Chairs of each standing committee shall serve as members of the Board of Directors. Chairs of any special or other ad hoc committees shall serve on the Board of Directors as ex-officio members with voice but no vote.
Section 5. Officers. Each committee shall have a chair, or co-chairs, a vice-chairman, secretary or any such officers as the President may determine, each of whom shall be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors.
Section 6. Meetings. Each committee shall hold meetings at such times and in such places as it from time to time may determine and according to such rules and regulations as the Board of Directors may prescribe. The chairman of each committee shall have the power to call a special meeting at any time and place. At any meeting of any committee five percent (5%) of the members of said committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Action by any committee shall be upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the members present.
Section 7. Reports.All committees shall be under the general supervision of the Board of Directors and shall report to it in writing at least once during each year. No committee shall take any action committing the Club without express authorization from the Club.
Section 8. Communications. The Communications Committee shall promote Club activities within the Press and shall otherwise procure publicity for functions of the Club and distribute such information concerning the activities of the Club or of its members as may be approved by the Board of Directors. It also shall prepare all publications issued by and for the Club.
Section 10. Fundraising and Events.The Fundraising and Events Committee shall have charge of the raising of funds for all Club-related activities and shall plan and hold events to promote the Club and for any other Club-related activities.
Section 11. Membership.The Membership Committee shall have concurrent jurisdiction, with the Board of Directors, over admission to membership in the Club. It shall have power to make suitable rules and regulations governing such admission not inconsistent with these By-Laws. The Committee shall meet at least once a month for the purpose of passing on applications for membership in the Club. The Membership Committee shall, however, have no power to act on any application for membership between the taking of nominations for elected office at the March meeting and the election of officers in April.
Section 12. Outreach. The Outreach Committee shall have jurisdiction over the cultivation of the Club’s relationship with the community, including its political and campaign and philanthropic and charitable activities.
Section 2. Nominations. At the regular meeting of the Club held in February in each year there shall be elected an Elections Committee Chair, who will be nominated by the President, from a list of applicants received prior to said February meeting, and ratified by a vote of the majority of the General Membership in attendance at the said February meeting. The newly elected Elections Committee Chair shall select a committee of not less than two and not more than six other persons to serve on the Elections Committee. The Elections Committee shall, prior to the March meeting, meet and accept nominations for each of the candidates for elective office. Names of candidates shall be submitted in writing, including via email, to the Elections Committee prior to the March meeting, at which time, said names will be read aloud and seconded. Any such candidate not seconded shall not be considered eligible to run for elected office at the April Annual Meeting. No member shall be eligible for Chairmanship of the Elections Committee who shall not have been a member of the Club for at least one year. In addition, no member of the Elections Committee may run for office during his term on the Elections Committee and members of the Elections Committee shall not vote in any Election over which they preside.
Section 3. Voting. All elections shall be by secret ballot and each regular member of the Club in good standing and present in person, or by proxy, shall have one vote for each officer or other persons to be elected. In the case of election of Chapter or Caucus Chairs, each regular member of the Club in good standing and present in person, or by proxy, who is a duly qualified member of a Chapter or Caucus, shall have one vote for the Chair of that Chapter. A majority of all ballots cast shall be necessary for election of candidates.
Section 4. Voting by Proxy. Voting by proxy shall be in accordance with such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by the Board of Directors, a copy of which shall be furnished to any member of the Club upon written request therefor, addressed to the Secretary.
Section 5. Ballots. The Elections Committee shall prepare a form of ballot for use at each annual election of officers at which there is to be a contest for any office upon which shall be printed the names of all candidates nominated for each such contested office. No form of ballot other than that prepared by the Elections Committee shall be received or counted at any election.
Section 6. Tellers. At each meeting of the Club at which an election is held, the members of the Elections Committee shall act as tellers of such election. The Treasurer shall supply the tellers with a list of the members of the Club in good standing and only those members whose names appear on such list shall be entitled to vote thereat. Tellers shall administer the election, collect all ballots, tally the vote, and announce results thereof.
Section 1. Purpose. Any other provision of these bylaws notwithstanding, the Club hereby declares as its policy that the principles of the Republican Party and the objects of the Club may only be advanced by officers who are accountable and responsive solely to the membership of the Club and their own consciences. Therefore, they must be, as practically as possible, independent of any external considerations or influences that may conflict with the interests of the club and the Republican Party’s principles.
Section 2. Defining Conflicts of Interest. No elected or appointed officer of the club, including committee, chapter, or caucus chairs who have a vote on the Executive Board or Board of Directors, shall hold any full-time or part-time patronage job, for which appointment is directly controlled or significantly influenced by an elected official or party leader. For the purposes of the section, “party leader” shall mean (a) an Assembly District Leader or State Committee Member, (b) officer of a County Committee or member of a County Committee Executive Committee, or (c) a County Committee or State Committee Chair, and “elected official” shall mean any member of an elected legislative body or an elected executive officer. Such patronage jobs shall include, but not be limited to, those who are:
- Employed full-time or part-time at any Board of Elections, with the exception of those individuals who are temporarily employed by the Board of Election during an election event;
- Employed full-time or part-time as a member of staff for an elected official, where such appointment is not classified as a competitive career civil service position
- Employed full-time or part-time by a campaign committee
- Employed full-time or part-time by a party leader, regardless of whether the employment relates to the party leader’s political responsibilities
In order to be eligible for election or appointment to a club position, all nominees for elected office as well as committee, chapter and caucus chairs shall declare in writing to the Club that they will not accept any such patronage job during their term as officers. Anyone who accepts such a patronage job before election or appointment shall immediately become ineligible to run or to serve. Anyone who accepts patronage during his/her term of office shall immediately forfeit her/her office.
Notices required by these By-Laws to be given to members of the Club, expecting only that provided in Article I, Section 5 hereof, shall be deemed to have been sufficiently given if in writing and sent, via mail, email or other electronic means, to each member at his postal or electronic address as it shall appear on the records of the Club. Such notice shall be sufficient for the purposes of this section if inserted in any Club publication so mailed to each member.
Amendments to these By-Laws may be submitted in writing by the Board of Directors to the membership, or to the Board of Directors over the signatures of ten members of the Club. The Board shall, at its next succeeding meeting, approve, reject or otherwise act upon the proposed amendment. If the Board shall approve the proposed amendment it shall be submitted to the membership at the next regular meeting of the Club or at a special meeting called for that purpose. If the Board shall reject the proposed amendment, or take no final action thereof, any of the members proposing the said amendment may submit it to the membership at the next succeeding regular meeting or special meeting called for that purpose, at which meeting its consideration shall be the first order of business. A copy of the proposed amendment shall be inserted in the notice of the meeting at which the same will be voted upon. No amendment shall be adopted except by a two-thirds vote of those present in any meeting in which a quorum has been established.
The fiscal year of the Club shall commence on the first day of May and end on the thirtieth day of April of the following year.
Article XV – Conduct of Meetings
Any meeting called pursuant to these bylaws may be conducted in person or by some electronic or other means, as long as all lawful and proper participants are able to interact in real time with all other such participants and that they are able to avail themselves of all rights afforded to them in these bylaws and any applicable local, State and Federal law.
Last amended on April 20, 2010